Due to the geographical and strategic location of Lebanon, its presence in a regional environment where violent extremism is proliferating, there is a need to maintain security and social peace and safeguard Lebanon’s social diversity. The prevention of violent extremism in Lebanon, as an effort to address this need, is particularly important now.
The PVE activity has been constantly ongoing since the launch of the Strategy Development Process
in 2016. Although Lebanon has gone through hard times and has undergone vacancies in executive posts such as the Presidency and Government, the PVE Unit has been able to operate and engage with all-of-government and all-of-society, as well as establish its lead partnerships, ever since its establishment.
However, the situation has changed ever since the Lebanese PVE agenda was launched. An unprecedented socioeconomic and political crisis, a pandemic that devastated lives and exhausted the health system, and the port explosion in Beirut, in addition to the 1.5 million Syrian refugees, the 23 months of government vacancies, national uprising and political instability and fragility, all have been challenges forming a multi-faceted crisis. On the other hand, with the recent developments in the Syrian crisis, there is a pertinent risk of return of radicalized individuals to Lebanon.
Moreover, COVID-19 has caused different consequences active and also responded to the pandemic. This reality created new risks and challenges for the effort to prevent violent extremism. Hence, PVE is a priority now more than ever.