Strategic Key Positions

GENERAL FRAMEWORK
The process of developing the National Strategy is occurring in a critical and complex local, regional and global context that is threatening socio-economic growth and stability at national and global levels as well as diversifying forms of inequalities which increase the incidence of acts of violence resulting from a climate of violent extremism. It also comes at a time of social transformation in which the country needs to support and consolidate trust among its various components and institutions. This trust is the cornerstone that would allow the country to overcome all economic, social and security challenges and to build a safe, knowledge-based society, thereby preventing the growth of the seeds of extremism in all its forms. Thus, the Strategy is based on the following:

  1. The Strategy provides the national objectives, policies and plans to prevent violent extremism in the short-, medium- and long-term, while defining monitoring and evaluation systems.
  2. The Strategy addresses structural factors at the community, cultural and economic levels, which are the driving force behind the growth of violent extremism. Therefore, problems such as poverty, unemployment, and the feeling of inequality and absence of justice are elements that shall be integrated into the strategy.
  3. The Strategy stems from the realization of the complex nature of the issue of violent extremism by taking into consideration the overlap, multiplicity and intertwinement of elements and circumstances, as well as the multiplicity of actors and the diversity of their roles.
  4. The Strategy takes into account the various levels that threatened by violent extremism, i.e. the individual, family and community.
  5. The Strategy draws upon the universal theoretical contributions of international organizations, and upon the strategies for preventing violent extremism adopted by other states, as well as relevant experiences and practices.

Thus, addressing the problem of violent extremism cannot be achieved by focusing on one or a number of elements separately and independently of each other. It should also be based on the study of the cultural, developmental, demographic, social, administrative and economic realities of Lebanese society. Such a study helps identify the elements that influence violent extremism and their interactions with a view to developing national policies and programs based on scientific evidence.
Strategy Standards
  1. The Strategy shall not contain any justification for extremist ideology or for the use of violence to express it, and any other interpretation of any of its elements shall be deemed a clear violation of its objectives.
  2. The Strategy shall not contain any justification for the violation of human rights in all their forms, and any other interpretation of any of its elements shall be deemed a clear violation of its objectives.
  3. No category, group, region, or belief shall be stigmatized, and any other interpretation of any of its elements shall be deemed a clear violation of its objectives.
  4. The components and elements of the strategy should be constructed on the premise that the policies, plans and programs arising therefrom are based on scientific evidence.
  5. Community participation in the development process of the national strategy is a key condition for its effectiveness, and this development shall be conducted by a consultative process involving all components of society.
  6. Respect for the government’s key positions and the Lebanese specificities, and an emphasis on the importance of international contribution to the development of the strategy, its operational plan and its implementation are essential.
  7. The implementation of the Strategy requires ad hoc independent projects, plans and programs provided by the international community alongside the current development activities and humanitarian programs and policies.
  8. A national mechanism to coordinate governmental, societal and international programs and plans and follow up their implementation will be developed.
  9. The Strategy should be flexible and adaptive in response to social transformations.